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Glutamic acid: Quiz


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Question 1: This process causes calcium ions to enter cells via ________ channels, leading to neuronal damage and eventual cell death, and is called excitotoxicity.
5-HT3 receptor5-HT receptorGlutamate receptorNMDA receptor

Question 2:
What is Glutamic acid also known as?
Sodium chlorate
2-Aminopentanedioic acid
Agatoxin 489
hydrocyanic acid

Question 3: When glutamate binds, the fluorescence of the sensor under ________ light changes by resonance between the two fluorophores.
UltravioletX-rayVisible spectrumElectromagnetic spectrum

Question 4: Both pyruvate and oxaloacetate are key components of cellular metabolism, contributing as substrates or intermediates in fundamental processes such as glycolysis, gluconeogenesis and also the ________.
Calvin cycleFatty acid metabolismCitric acid cycleBiochemistry

Question 5: Ammonia (as ammonium) is then excreted predominantly as urea, synthesised in the ________.
Endocrine systemImmune systemPancreasLiver

Question 6: Glutamic acid (abbreviated as Glu or E) is one of the 20 proteinogenic amino acids, and its ________ are GAA and GAG.
GeneDNAGenetic codeFrancis Crick

Question 7: Glutamic acid is often used as a ________ and flavour enhancer in the form of its sodium salt, monosodium glutamate (MSG).
E numberFood additiveFood chemistryMilk

Question 8: Glutamate does not easily pass the ________, but instead this transport is mediated by a high affinity transport system.
AIDSMeningitisBlood-brain barrierImmune system

Question 9: He then patented a method of mass-producing a crystalline salt of glutamic acid, ________.
Disodium inosinateStarchGlutamic acid (flavor)Monosodium glutamate

Question 10: Synthetic analogs of glutamic acid that can be activated by ________ light and two-photon excitation microscopy have also been described.
Electromagnetic spectrumUltravioletX-rayVisible spectrum


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