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Foundationalism: Quiz

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Question 1: Historically, two varieties of foundationalist theories were rationalism and empiricism (or ________).
AristotleWillard Van Orman QuineInductive reasoningEmpiricism

Question 2: Quine • Wilhelm Windelband • ________ • William of Ockham • William Whewell • more...
PseudoscienceWilhelm WundtEpistemologyRelationship between religion and science

Question 3: Foundationalism is any theory in ________ (typically, theories of justification, but also of knowledge) that holds that beliefs are justified (known, etc.) based on what are called basic beliefs (also commonly called foundational beliefs).
DeterminismPositivismEmpiricismEpistemology

Question 4: Alternatives to foundationalism, usually called anti-foundationalism, include ________, foundherentism, and reformed epistemology.
DeterminismEmpiricismCoherentismCausality

Question 5: [1] See also pragmatism, postfoundationalism and ________.
David HumeCritical rationalismEmpiricismKarl Popper

Question 6: For example, the belief of ________ is reasonable to hold if you are a child because it fits in with other contextual beliefs such as the tooth fairy and the Easter bunny.
Santa ClausChristmasFather ChristmasChristmas Eve

Question 7: Hence, generally, a Foundationalist might offer the following ________:
FallibilismEpistemologyTheory of justificationSkepticism

Question 8: Braithwaite • René Descartes • Robert Kilwardby • ________ • Rudolf Carnap • Stephen Toulmin • Stoics • Thomas Hobbes • Thomas Samuel Kuhn • Vienna Circle • W.V.O.







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