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Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis: Quiz


Question 1: Secondary to nephron loss and hyperfiltration, such as with chronic pyelonephritis and reflux, morbid obesity, ________
Diabetic retinopathyDiabetic ketoacidosisDiabetes mellitus type 1Diabetes mellitus

Question 2: Salt restriction and ________ (water pills), such as furosemide, for edema
Beta blockerCalcium channel blockerAntihypertensive drugDiuretic

Question 3:

Question 4: Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is a cause of nephrotic syndrome in children and adolescents, as well as an important cause of ________ in adults.
Chronic kidney diseaseAcute kidney injuryRenal failureDiabetic nephropathy

Question 5: Cytotoxics, such as ________ may be used to induce remission in patients presenting with FSGS refractory to corticosteroids, or in patients who do not tolerate steroids.

Question 6: Toxins and drugs such as ________ and pamidronate

Question 7: [3] (________ (MCD) is by far the most common cause of nephrotic syndrome in children: MCD and primary FSGS may have a similar cause.
Rapidly progressive glomerulonephritisFocal segmental glomerulosclerosisMinimal change diseaseMembranous glomerulonephritis

Question 8: Secondary, when an underlying cause is identified; usually presents with ________ and proteinuria.
Chronic kidney diseaseAcute kidney injuryNephrotic syndromeRenal failure

Question 9: It accounts for about a sixth of the cases of ________.
Focal segmental glomerulosclerosisNephrotic syndromeChronic kidney diseaseRenal tubular acidosis

Question 10: Primary, when no underlying cause is found; usually presents as ________
Focal segmental glomerulosclerosisChronic kidney diseaseNephrotic syndromeRenal tubular acidosis

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