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Fault (geology): Quiz

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Question 1: Because of ________ and the rigidity of the rock, the rocks cannot simply glide or flow past each other.
Drag (physics)Lift (force)ForceFriction

Question 2: What does the following picture show?

  Dextral slickenside of pyrite on a possible microfault
  Dextral slickenside of pyrite on a possible microfault
  The San Andreas Fault, a right-lateral strike-slip fault caused the massive 1906 San Francisco earthquake
  The Junction fault, dividing the Allegheny Plateau and the true Appalachian Mountains in Pennsylvania, United States

Question 3: What does the following picture show?

  Oblique-slip fault
  Inactive fault from Sudbury to Sault Ste. Marie, Northern Ontario, Canada
  Schematic illustration of the two strike-slip fault types.

Question 4: What does the following picture show?

  The Junction fault, dividing the Allegheny Plateau and the true Appalachian Mountains in Pennsylvania, United States
  The Junction fault, dividing the Allegheny Plateau and the true Appalachian Mountains in Pennsylvania, United States
  A fault in the Grands Causses as seen from Bédarieux, France. The left side moves down while the right side moves up. The warping of the rock layers on the right is likely due to drag folding.

Question 5: In ________, a fault is a planar fracture in rock in which the rock on one side of the fracture has moved with respect to the rock on the other side.
Earth scienceGeologyNatureEarth

Question 6: Rather, stress builds up in rocks and when it reaches a level that exceeds the strain threshold, the accumulated ________ is released as strain, which is focused into a plane along which relative motion is accommodated — the fault.
AtomForceElectric potentialPotential energy

Question 7: What does the following picture show?

  Salmon-colored fault gouge and associated fault separates two different rock types on the left (dark grey) and right (light grey). From the Gobi of Mongolia.
  Minor normal faults in Triassic to Lower Jurassic Blomidon Formation sediments near Parrsboro, Nova Scotia
  Students look at a section of the exposed Wasatch Fault (Normal fault), Utah
  Dextral slickenside of pyrite on a possible microfault

Question 8: What does the following picture show?

  Students look at a section of the exposed Wasatch Fault (Normal fault), Utah
  Minor normal faults in Triassic to Lower Jurassic Blomidon Formation sediments near Parrsboro, Nova Scotia
  Inactive fault from Sudbury to Sault Ste. Marie, Northern Ontario, Canada

Question 9: The energy released by instantaneous strain release is the cause of ________, a common phenomenon along transform boundaries.
EarthquakeGeotechnical engineeringLandslideS-wave

Question 10: Large faults within the Earth's crust are the result of differential or shear motion and active fault zones are the causal locations of most ________.
EarthquakeLandslideGeotechnical engineeringS-wave







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