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Fatty acid: Quiz


Question 1: The most abundant natural fatty acids have an even number of carbon atoms because their biosynthesis involves acetyl-CoA, a ________ carrying a two-carbon-atom group (see fatty acid synthesis).
Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotideMetalloproteinCofactor (biochemistry)Adenosine triphosphate

Question 2: Fatty acids can be bound or attached to other molecules, such as in ________ or phospholipids.
TriglycerideCholesterolMetabolismOmega-3 fatty acid

Question 3: In chemistry, especially ________, a fatty acid is a carboxylic acid with a long unbranched aliphatic tail (chain), which is either saturated or unsaturated.
ProteinMetabolismAmino acidBiochemistry

Question 4: It is proposed that the blend of fatty acids exuded by mammalian skin, together with ________ and pyruvic acid, are distinctive and enable animals with a keen sense of smell to differentiate individuals.
MetabolismAcetic acidButyric acidLactic acid

Question 5: Long-chain fatty acids (LCFA) are fatty acids with aliphatic tails longer than 12 ________[14].

Question 6: Ketone bodies are produced in the liver by ________ during starvation, or during periods of low carbohydrate intake.
Fatty acid metabolismGluconeogenesisAnaerobic respirationGlycolysis

Question 7: Many cell types can use either ________ or fatty acids for this purpose.

Question 8: The triglycerides are coated with ________ and protein (protein coat) into a compound called a chylomicron.
AtherosclerosisCholesterolTrans fatLow-density lipoprotein

Question 9: When discussing ________ (EFA), a slightly different terminology applies.
Essential fatty acidEicosanoidOmega-3 fatty acidLipid

Question 10: Very-Long-chain fatty acids (VLCFA) are fatty acids with aliphatic tails longer than 22 ________


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