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Etiology: Quiz


Question 1: Some diseases, such as ________ or hepatitis, are syndromically defined by their signs and symptoms, but include different conditions with different etiologies.
Diabetic retinopathyDiabetic ketoacidosisDiabetes mellitusDiabetes mellitus type 1

Question 2: When the ________ reached al-Andalus in the 14th century, Ibn Khatima proposed that infectious diseases are caused by microscopic particles which enter the human body.
Black DeathPandemicPlague (disease)Black Death migration

Question 3: [6] He also stated that bodily ________ is contaminated by foul foreign earthly bodies before being infected.
SecretionBiologyGeneticsCell biology

Question 4: In the Aeneid (published circa 17 BC), Virgil claims the descent of Augustus Caesar's Julian clan from the hero ________ through his son Ascanius, also called Julus.

Question 5: An example of all the above, which was recognized late, is that peptic ulcer disease may be induced by stress, requires the presence of acid secretion in the stomach, and has primary etiology in ________ infection.
Helicobacter pyloriCholeraPseudomonas aeruginosaEscherichia coli

Question 6: [8] Through his dissections, he proved that the skin disease scabies was caused by a parasite, a discovery which upset the ________ theory of humorism, and he was able to successfully remove the parasite from a patient's body without any purging or bleeding.
GalenHippocratesIbn ZuhrAvicenna

Question 7: Etiological discovery in medicine has a history in Robert Koch's demonstration that the tubercle bacillus (________ complex) causes the disease tuberculosis, Bacillus anthracis causes anthrax, and Vibrio cholerae causes cholera.
CorynebacteriumMycobacterium lepraeClostridium difficileMycobacterium tuberculosis

Question 8: [5] In The Canon of Medicine, ________ discovered that they are caused by contagion that can spread through bodily contact or through water and soil.

Question 9: [2] The first ideas about ________ were those of the Ancient Roman scholar Marcus Terentius Varro in a 1st century BC book titled On Agriculture.

Question 10: In ________, several lines of evidence together are required to infer causation.
Human nutritionNutritionPublic healthEpidemiology


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