Ethics: Quiz

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Question 1: This focus on meta-ethics was in part caused by an intense linguistic focus in analytic philosophy and by the popularity of ________.
AristotleScholasticismNominalismLogical positivism

Question 2: Correspondingly, the ________ of ethics divides into cognitivism and non-cognitivism; a distinction that is often perceived as equivalent to that between descriptivists and non-descriptivists.
EmpiricismEpistemologyPositivismDeterminism

Question 3: According to hedonistic ________, a good action is one that results in an increase in pleasure, and the best action is one that results in the most pleasure for the greatest number.
Deontological ethicsPolitical philosophyUtilitarianismJustice

Question 4: Some use the term "moral psychology" relatively narrowly to refer to the study of ________.
VirtueMoral relativismMoralityConscience

Question 5: ________ (469 BC – 399 BC) was one of the first Greek philosophers to encourage both scholars and the common citizen to turn their attention from the outside world to the condition of humankind.
AristotlePlatoSocratesPlutarch

Question 6: ________ posits that the principle ethic is maximizing pleasure and minimizing pain.
EthicsUtilitarianismHedonismEpicureanism

Question 7: ________ observed that indiscriminate indulgence sometimes resulted in negative consequences.
AristotleDeterminismStoicismEpicureanism

Question 8: All other things, such as civic life or ________, are merely means to the end.
WealthJapanUnited KingdomUnited States

Question 9: ________, about how moral capacity or moral agency develops and what its nature is; and
AristotleMoralityEthicsMoral psychology

Question 10: Meta-ethics as a discipline gained attention with G.E. Moore's famous work Principia Ethica from 1903 in which Moore first addressed what he referred to as the ________.
Naturalistic fallacyIgnoratio elenchiFalse dilemmaMoralistic fallacy







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