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Essence: Quiz

  
  

Question 1: ________ is derived from the root Dhr - to hold.
DharmaMonotheismReligionAfterlife

Question 2: For the relativist interpreter of Buddhism, replacement paradoxes such as ________ are answered by stating that the Ship of Thesesus remains so (within the conventions that assert it) until it ceases to function as the Ship of Theseus.
AristotleAthensGreeceShip of Theseus

Question 3: According to ________ essence is ideal.
Martin HeideggerEdmund HusserlSøren KierkegaardHenri Bergson

Question 4: Karl Marx was, along with Kierkegaard, a follower of ________'s, and he, too, developed a philosophy in reaction to his master.
Friedrich NietzscheImmanuel KantThomas AquinasGeorg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Question 5: Marx's ________ describe a theory of alienation based on human existence being completely different from human essence.
Friedrich EngelsMarxismKarl MarxEconomic and Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844

Question 6: "Essence," in metaphysics, is often synonymous with the ________, and some existentialists argue that individuals gain their souls and spirits after they exist, that they develop their souls and spirits during their lifetimes.
GnosticismReligionSoulAtheism

Question 7: In his early work, Marx used Aristotalian style ________ and derived a concept of humanity's essential nature.
MaterialismTeleologyGottfried LeibnizGeorg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Question 8: Within the ________ school of Mahayana Buddhism, Candrakirti identifies the self as:
MadhyamakaYogacaraTibetan BuddhismVajrayana

Question 9: ________ moves the forms of Plato to the nucleus of the individual thing, which is called ousía or substance.
Bertrand RussellWillard Van Orman QuineAristotleEmpiricism

Question 10: For ________, it is the individual person who is the supreme moral entity, and the personal, subjective aspects of human life that are the most important; also, for Kierkegaard all of this had religious implications.
Immanuel KantSøren KierkegaardGeorg Wilhelm Friedrich HegelRené Descartes
















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