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Empiricism: Quiz

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Question 1: a strong emphasis on sensory experience as the basis for knowledge) with certain insights from mathematical logic that had been developed by ________ and Ludwig Wittgenstein.
Bertrand RussellLogical positivismGottlob FregeRudolf Carnap

Question 2: According to Locke, our knowledge of things is a perception of ideas that are in accordance or discordance with each other, which is very different from the quest for certainty of ________.
Baruch SpinozaBertrand RussellImmanuel KantRené Descartes

Question 3: ________ writes of the unscribed tablet, or tabula rasa, in his treatise Περὶ Ψυχῆς (De Anima or On the Soul).
AristotleBertrand RussellEmpiricismPlato

Question 4: In the early 17th century, the Polish alchemist and philosopher Michał Sędziwój, who died four years after ________ was born, asserted in one of his treatises that "experience is the sole teacher of truth".
Gottfried LeibnizJohn LockeImmanuel KantPlato

Question 5: Quine, ________, Karl Popper, and Richard Rorty.
Hilary PutnamSaul KripkeBertrand RussellWillard Van Orman Quine

Question 6: Quine • Wilhelm Windelband • ________ • William of Ockham • William Whewell • more...
PseudoscienceRelationship between religion and scienceWilhelm WundtEpistemology

Question 7: Such empiricism denies that humans have ________ or that anything is knowable without reference to experience.
Immanuel KantJohn LockeInnatismDeterminism

Question 8: During the 11th century, the theory of tabula rasa was developed more clearly by the Persian philosopher and physician, Ibn Sina (known as "Avicenna" in the ________).
Western cultureTurkeyWestern worldEurope

Question 9: Some of the key figures in this movement were Otto Neurath, Moritz Schlick and the rest of the Vienna Circle, along with ________, Rudolf Carnap and Hans Reichenbach.
Ludwig WittgensteinP. F. StrawsonBertrand RussellAlfred Jules Ayer

Question 10: This notion of perception as abduction has received periodic revivals in ________ and cognitive science research, most recently for instance with the work of Irvin Rock on indirect perception.
Karl PopperArtificial intelligenceDaniel DennettRené Descartes







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