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Early Islamic philosophy: Quiz


Question 1: The most successful form of Islamic atomism was in the ________ school of philosophy, most notably in the work of the philosopher al-Ghazali (1058–1111).
Early Islamic philosophyIslamic philosophyAsh'ariAlhazen

Question 2: and ...] moves from metaphysics to methodology, a move that anticipates ________", and "at the level of philosophy, Alfarabi unites theory and practice [...
ModernityModernismModern historySociology

Question 3: Tusi discusses how organisms are able to ________ to their environments:[59]
Natural selectionAdaptationEvolutionModern evolutionary synthesis

Question 4: This view was challenged by the Mutazilite philosophers, who held a more secular view and were supported by secular aristocracy who sought freedom of action independent of the ________.
ShariaIslamCaliphateMuslim history

Question 5: In his medical writings, Avicenna was the first to describe the methods of agreement, difference and concomitant variation which are critical to inductive logic and the ________.
Relationship between religion and sciencePseudoscienceScientific methodScience

Question 6: This view was inspired by the ________ shared by the three Abrahamic religions: Judaism, Christianity and Islam.
GnosticismUniverseCreator deityCreation myth

Question 7: ________ (b.
AvicennaIslamic philosophyFakhr al-Din al-RaziAstronomy in medieval Islam

Question 8: [68] Ibn al-Haytham rejected ________'s philosophical concept of place on mathematical grounds.
PlatoBertrand RussellAristotleEmpiricism

Question 9: Early Muslim scientists and philosophers developed theories on evolution, including the ideas of ________ and the transmutation of species, which were widely taught in medieval Islamic schools.
Common descentPhylogenetic treeCreation–evolution controversyBiology

Question 10: The idea of "essence precedes existence" is a concept which dates back to ________[15] and his school of Avicennism as well as Shahab al-Din Suhrawardi[37] and his Illuminationist philosophy.

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