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Dysentery: Quiz

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Question 1: If this treatment cannot be adequately maintained due to vomiting or the profuseness of diarrhea, hospital admission may be required for ________ fluid replacement.
EnemaCream (pharmaceutical)Intraosseous infusionIntravenous therapy

Question 2: Dysentery is initially managed by maintaining fluid intake using ________.
DiarrheaGastroenteritisRotavirusOral rehydration therapy

Question 3: Dysentery (formerly known as flux or the bloody flux) is an inflammatory disorder of the intestine, especially of the colon, that results in severe diarrhea containing mucus and/or ________ in the feces[1] with fever and abdominal pain.
BloodPlateletBlood plasmaRed blood cell

Question 4: This is more common in tropical areas, although has been found throughout the ________.
PhilippinesCanadaUnited StatesAlaska

Question 5: Temporary ________ can occur, which, in the most severe cases, can last for years.
Lactose intoleranceCoeliac diseaseFructose malabsorptionSucrose intolerance

Question 6: Infection with the amoeba ________ can cause amoebic dysentery.
Entamoeba histolyticaAcanthamoebaEntamoeba gingivalisAmoebiasis

Question 7: Treatment should start with a 10-day course of the antimicrobial drug ________ (Flagyl).
OrnidazoleTinidazoleFurazolidoneMetronidazole

Question 8: M+ Neisseria meningitidis/meningococcus (Meningococcal disease, Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome)
M- Neisseria gonorrhoeae/gonococcus (________)
Granuloma inguinaleGonorrheaChancroidICD-10 Chapter I: Certain infectious and parasitic diseases

Question 9: Dysentery is usually caused by a ________ or protozoan infection or infestation of parasitic worms, but can also be caused by a chemical irritant or viral infection.
Gram-positive bacteriaGram-negative bacteriaCorynebacteriumBacteria

Question 10: If the shigella is severe, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics, such as ciprofloxacin or TMP-SMX (________).
Co-trimoxazoleDihydropteroate synthetase inhibitorSulfadiazineMetronidazole







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