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Dominance (genetics): Quiz


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Question 1: In the ABO example, the IA and IB alleles are co-dominant in producing the AB blood group phenotype, in which both A- and B-type ________ are made.
PhagocyteImmune systemAntigenPolyclonal B cell response

Question 2: The concept of dominance was first explained by the "father of genetics," Moravian ________ Gregor Mendel, who recognized the principle based on his work with the common garden pea Pisum sativum.
Householder (Buddhism)MonasteryMonkNun

Question 3: Dominance in genetics is a relationship between different forms (alleles) of a gene at a particular physical location (locus) on a ________.
Chromosomal translocationChromosomeAutosomeKaryotype

Question 4: The central dogma of molecular biology states that “________ makes RNA makes protein”, that is, that DNA is transcribed to make an RNA copy, and RNA is translated to make a protein.
Nucleic acidGeneticsGeneDNA

Question 5: Making organisms from two "half" (haploid) cells requires a special cell division process called (________).
ChromosomeMeiosisMitosisCell cycle

Question 6: This phenomenon occurs in a number of trinucleotide repeat diseases: for an example and more details see ________[6].
Parkinson's diseaseHuntington's diseaseAlzheimer's diseasePick's disease

Question 7: For example, in humans the Hb gene locus is responsible for the Beta-chain protein (HBB) that is one of the two globin proteins that make up the blood pigment ________[5].
Glycated hemoglobinArterial blood gasSerum ironHemoglobin

Question 8: Proteins often function as ________ that catalyze chemical reactions in the cell, which directly or indirectly produce phenotypes.
Cofactor (biochemistry)Adenosine triphosphateEnzymeEnzyme inhibitor

Question 9: The other kind of nucleus replication, (________), is simply making two identical copies of nuclei - with the same number of chromosomes - as the starting cell.
PreprophaseMitosisMeiosisCell cycle

Question 10: For example, the genetic disease ________ (PKU)[7] results from any of a large number (>60) of alleles at the gene locus for the enzyme phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH)[8].
PhenylketonuriaMaple syrup urine diseaseIminoglycinuriaCarnosinemia


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