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Diverticulosis: Quiz


Question 1: First time bleeding from the rectum, especially if over age 40, could be due to ________ instead of diverticulosis.
Colorectal cancerHepatocellular carcinomaCrohn's diseaseStomach cancer

Question 2: When symptoms do occur, the following are reported: ________ (variable amounts), bloating, abdominal pain/cramping after meals or otherwise often in the left lower abdomen, and changes in bowel movements (diarrhea or constipation).
PurpuraGastrointestinal bleedingBleedingBruise

Question 3: Other tests include abdominal X-ray, barium enema, CT, or ________.
Positron emission tomographyMagnetic resonance imagingFunctional magnetic resonance imagingMedical imaging

Question 4: Patients with mild symptoms of bloating or abdominal pain may benefit from anti-spasmodic drugs such as ________ (Librium), dicyclomine (Bentyl), Donnatal, and hyoscyamine (Levsin).

Question 5: If the diverticula are unusually large (greater than 1 inch), often infected (see ________), or exhibit uncontrollable bleeding, surgery can be performed to decrease relapse or other complications.
Ascending cholangitisDiverticulosisDiverticulitisCrohn's disease

Question 6: Large-mouth diverticula are associated with ________.
Erythema nodosumSclerodermaSystemic lupus erythematosusVasculitis

Question 7: Symptoms of ________ may present: fatigue, light-headedness, or shortness of breath.
Iron deficiency anemiaAplastic anemiaAnemiaPernicious anemia

Question 8: Note that if ________ (infection of the diverticula) is evidenced, both colonoscopy and barium enema are contraindicated due to the increased risk of perforation of the diverticula and CT with IV contrast is the best test.
DiverticulitisDiverticulosisAscending cholangitisCrohn's disease

Question 9: Other causes may include a colonic spasm that increases pressure, which may be due to ________ or low-fiber diets;[2] although this may also be due to constipation.
HyponatremiaDiabetic ketoacidosisDehydrationHypernatremia

Question 10: connective tissue disorders that may cause weakness in the colon wall (such as ________).
Marfan syndromeICD-10 Chapter XVII: Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalitiesNail–patella syndromeApert syndrome

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