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Diabetic retinopathy: Quiz


Question 1: Though not yet commercially available, ________ has shown promising results in treatment of diabetic complications incidental to vascular degeneration.
BilirubinGlycated hemoglobinC-reactive proteinC-peptide

Question 2: Vitrectomy is often done under ________.
Local anesthesiaEpiduralCocaineLocal anesthetic

Question 3:
Small blood vessels – such as those in the eye – are especially vulnerable to poor ________ (blood glucose) control.
Blood sugarReference ranges for blood testsGlycated hemoglobinBlood plasma

Question 4: These types of large hemorrhages tend to happen more than once, often during ________.

Question 5: On funduscopic exam, a doctor will see cotton wool spots, flame hemorrhages (similar leisons are also caused by the alpha-toxin of ________), and dot-blot hemorrhages.
BacteriaClostridium novyiClostridium botulinumGram-positive bacteria

Question 6: Before the laser, the ophthalmologist dilates the pupil and applies ________ drops to numb the eye.
DepressantAnestheticLocal anestheticGeneral anaesthetic

Question 7: During ________, diabetic retinopathy may also be a problem for women with diabetes.
PregnancyPrenatal developmentSexual intercourseReproductive medicine

Question 8: ________-induced intramural pericyte death and thickening of the basement membrane lead to incompetence of the vascular walls.
ICD-10 Chapter XVIII: Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findingsImpaired glucose tolerancePrediabetesHyperglycemia

Question 9: Diabetic retinopathy is retinopathy (damage to the retina) caused by complications of diabetes mellitus, which can eventually lead to ________.
AmblyopiaBlindnessAmaurosis fugaxMyopia

Question 10: As new blood vessels form at the back of the eye as a part of proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR), they can bleed (________) and blur vision.
Gastrointestinal bleedingPurpuraBleedingBruise

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