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DNA profiling: Quiz

  
  
  

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Question 1: In 1999, Raymond Easton a disabled man from ________, England was arrested and detained for 7 hours in connection with a burglary due to an inaccurrate DNA match.
CalneChippenhamSwindonWiltshire

Question 2: In 1993, Kirk Bloodsworth was the first person to have been convicted of ________ and sentenced to death, whose conviction was overturned using DNA evidence.
ManslaughterExtortionTheftMurder

Question 3: DNA profiling (also called DNA testing, DNA typing, or genetic fingerprinting) is a technique employed by forensic scientists to assist in the identification of individuals on the basis of their respective ________ profiles.
GeneticsProteinDNARNA

Question 4: In these situations, ________ (mtDNA) is sometimes typed due to there being many copies of mtDNA in a cell, while there may only be 1-2 copies of the nuclear DNA.
Aspartate transaminaseTransfer RNAMitochondrial DNAMitochondrion

Question 5: When using RFLP, the theoretical risk of a coincidental match is 1 in 100 billion (100,000,000,000), although the practical risk is actually 1 in 1000 because ________ are 0.2% of the human population.
Monochorionic twinsTwinChimera (genetics)Monoamniotic twins

Question 6: mtDNA testing was used in determining that Anna Anderson was not the Russian princess she had claimed to be, ________.
Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of RussiaGrand Duchess Olga Nikolaevna of RussiaGrand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of Russia (1899–1918)Grand Duchess Tatiana Nikolaevna of Russia

Question 7: There are state laws on DNA profiling in all 50 states of the ________.
United StatesCanadaAlaskaPhilippines

Question 8: This technique was also faster than RFLP analysis and used ________ to amplify DNA samples.
Real-time polymerase chain reactionPolymerase chain reactionReverse transcription polymerase chain reactionTaq polymerase

Question 9: AmpFLP analysis can be highly automated, and allows for easy creation of ________ trees based on comparing individual samples of DNA.
CladeEvolutionComputational phylogeneticsPhylogenetics

Question 10: [7] Moreover, since there are about 12 million ________ on Earth, that theoretical probability is useless.
TwinChimera (genetics)Monoamniotic twinsMonochorionic twins
















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