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Complementary DNA: Quiz


Question 1: Though there are several methods for doing so, cDNA is most often synthesized from mature (fully spliced) mRNA using the enzyme ________.
IntegraseReverse transcriptaseThymidine kinaseGlucokinase

Question 2: The central dogma of molecular biology outlines that in synthesizing proteins, ________ is transcribed into mRNA, which is translated into protein.
Gene expressionMorpholinoNucleic acidDNA

Question 3: cDNA is also produced by retroviruses (such as ________, HIV-2, Simian Immunodeficiency Virus, etc.) which is integrated into its host to create a provirus.
AIDSSubtypes of HIVSafe sexAIDS dementia complex

Question 4: Note that the ________ is not broken in this process.
Central dogma of molecular biologyRegulation of gene expressionEpigeneticsPost-transcriptional regulation

Question 5: In genetics, complementary DNA (cDNA) is ________ synthesized from a mature mRNA template in a reaction catalyzed by the enzyme reverse transcriptase.
ProteinNucleic acidMorpholinoDNA

Question 6: [1] cDNA is often used to clone ________ genes in prokaryotes.

Question 7: When scientists want to express a specific ________ in a cell that does not normally express that protein (i.e., heterologous expression), they will transfer the cDNA that codes for the protein to the recipient cell.


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