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Cladistics: Quiz


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Question 1: The concept of phylogeny as mere ________ should be terminologically distinguished as cladistics.
MatrilinealityFamily nameFamily treeGenealogy

Question 2: ________ ("close form") or ancestral state, also symplesiomorphy ("shared plesiomorphy"), is a characteristic that is present at the base of the tree.
CladeCladisticsComputational phylogeneticsPhylogenetics

Question 3: The term clade was introduced in 1958 by ________, cladistic by Cain and Harrison in 1960, and cladist (for an adherent of Hennig's school) by Mayr in 1965.
Huxley familyJ. B. S. HaldaneModern evolutionary synthesisJulian Huxley

Question 4: [29] At this level Eldredge's and Gould's ________ applies, which hypothesizes long periods of stability followed by punctuations of rapid speciation, based on the fossil record.
Sexual selectionNatural selectionPunctuated equilibriumEvolution

Question 5: The overall shape of a dichotomous (bifurcating) tree is ________; as a viewpoint zooms into the tree of life, the same type of tree appears no matter what the scale.
Recursion (computer science)Mathematical logicMathematicsRecursion

Question 6: There are three major ways to define a ________ for use in a cladistic taxonomy.
CladePhylogeneticsGhost lineageComputational phylogenetics

Question 7: ________ groups are groups excluding one or more descendant taxa of the common ancestor, and thus contain some but not all of its descendants.
DNA barcodingParaphylyCladeCladistics

Question 8: Introduction
Modern synthesis
Social effect
Theory and fact
Objections / Controversy
History of the EarthEvolutionary history of lifeTimeline of evolutionGeologic time scale

Question 9: A formal code of phylogenetic nomenclature, the ________[30], is currently under development.
CladeDNA barcodingPhyloCodeCladistics

Question 10: Cladistics (________: κλάδος, klados, "branch") is a form of biological systematics that classifies species of organisms into hierarchical monophyletic groups.
Doric GreekAeolic GreekAncient GreekAttic Greek


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