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Civil law (legal system): Quiz


Question 1: Most European countries, however, are parties to the ________ and Article 6 guarantees "the right to a fair trial" and the presumption of innocence.
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural RightsEuropean Convention on Human RightsInternational Covenant on Civil and Political RightsInternational human rights law

Question 2: Countries with codes intended to be comprehensive, such as ________: it is this last category that is normally regarded as typical of "civil law" systems, and is discussed in the rest of this article.
ItalyCanadaUnited KingdomFrance

Question 3: The concept of codification dates back to the Code of Hammurabi in ancient ________.
BabyloniaMesopotamiaAkkadian EmpireBabylon

Question 4: The underlying principle of ________ is seen somewhat differently in civil law and common law countries.
ConstitutionSeparation of powersUnited KingdomSeparation of powers under the United States Constitution

Question 5: Some authors consider civil law to have served as the foundation for ________ used in Communist countries, which in this view would basically be civil law with the addition of Marxist–Leninist ideas.
LawyerCivil law (legal system)Common lawSocialist law

Question 6: Another example is ________, where the presumption is guaranteed by uncodified customary law and validated theory[11] recognized by the Supreme Court in plenary (effectively forming a precedent).
GermanyUnited StatesNorwayPoland

Question 7: The law of ________ may also be considered as a hybrid system, in that a French-type civil code coexists with pre-revolutionary French customary law and considerable common law influence.
CanadaQuebecOntarioNew France

Question 8: By contrast, in the common law system, ________ is a major source of law, while statutes are often seen as supplemental to judicial opinions and thus interpreted narrowly.
LawyerCase lawCivil law (legal system)Sharia

Question 9: Courts thus have to reason extensively on the basis of general rules and principles of the code, often drawing ________ from statutory provisions to fill lacunae and to achieve coherence.

Question 10: Countries with mixed systems in which Roman law is an academic source of authority but common law is also influential: Scotland and the Roman-Dutch law countries (South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Sri Lanka and ________)


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