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Chemical synapse: Quiz


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Question 1: ________ blocks reuptake of dopamine and therefore increases its effects.

Question 2: ________ performed some of the important early experiments on synaptic integration, for which he received the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1963.
John Eccles (neurophysiologist)Frank Macfarlane BurnetAlan Lloyd HodgkinAndrew Huxley

Question 3: ________ interferes with synapses that use the neurotransmitter serotonin.
MDMADextromethorphanDextrorphanLysergic acid diethylamide

Question 4: The nervous system exploits this property for computational purposes, and can tune its synapses through such means as ________ of the proteins involved.
Posttranslational modificationUbiquitinPhosphorylationAmino acid

Question 5: One example is again neurons of the sympathetic nervous system, which release ________, which, in addition, generate inhibitory effect on presynaptic terminals of neurons of the parasympathetic nervous system.

Question 6: Synapses are functional connections between ________, or between neurons and other types of cells.
Glial cellNervous systemPhotoreceptor cellNeuron

Question 7: Learning and memory are believed to result from long-term changes in synaptic strength, via a mechanism known as ________.
NeuroplasticityLong-term potentiationSynaptic plasticityLong-term depression

Question 8: Chemical synapses are specialized junctions through which ________ signal to each other and to non-neuronal cells such as those in muscles or glands.
Glial cellNervous systemPhotoreceptor cellNeuron

Question 9: The receptors and PSDs are often found in specialized protrusions from the main dendritic shaft called ________.
AstrocyteDendritic spineNeuronGlial cell

Question 10: Chemical synapses allow neurons to form circuits within the ________.
Central nervous systemAlpha motor neuronWhite matterGrey matter

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