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Cellular differentiation: Quiz

  

Question 1: ________ (adult stem cells) from the bone marrow that give rise to red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets
LymphocyteImmune systemHematopoietic stem cellHaematopoiesis

Question 2: Most cells are diploid; they have two copies of each ________.
AutosomeChromosomeKaryotypeChromosomal translocation

Question 3: The ________ approach to developmental biology emphasizes the importance of investigating how developmental mechanisms interact to produce predictable patterns (morphogenesis).
Systems scienceSystems theoryCyberneticsSystems biology

Question 4: The major types of molecular processes that control cellular differentiation involve ________.
Signal transductionEndocrine systemCell signalingTranscription factor

Question 5: Cellular differentiation during development can be understood as the result of a ________.
Gene expressionDNAEpigeneticsGene regulatory network

Question 6: Each specialized cell type in an organism expresses a subset of all the ________ that constitute the genome of that species.
GeneticsGeneDNAEvolution

Question 7: Other important mechanisms fall under the category of ________, divisions which give rise to daughter cells with distinct developmental fates.
Stem cellAsymmetric cell divisionCellular differentiationMitosis

Question 8: Three basic categories of cells make up the mammalian body: ________, somatic cells, and stem cells.
PubertyGerm cellCell (biology)Embryo

Question 9: Some believe dedifferentiation is an aberration of the normal development cycle that results in ________,[5] whereas others believe it to be a natural part of the immune response lost by humans at some point as a result of evolution.
CancerCarcinogenesisMetastasisChemotherapy

Question 10: In cytopathology, the level of cellular differentiation is used as a measure of ________ progression.
ChemotherapyCancerCarcinogenesisMetastasis
















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