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Carbonyl: Quiz

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Question 1: Carbonyls can be alkylated by nucleophilic attack by organometallic reagents such as organolithium reagents and ________.
Organometallic chemistryGrignard reactionBeta-Hydride eliminationGilman reagent

Question 2: Carbonyl groups can be reduced by reaction with hydride reagents such as NaBH4 and LiAlH4, or catalytically by hydrogen and a catalyst such as copper chromite, ________, rhenium, ruthenium or even rhodium.
IronAlcoholBenzeneRaney nickel

Question 3: Reaction with ammonia and primary ________ to form imines
AlcoholAmideAminePyridine

Question 4: ________, a reaction between an enolate and a carbonyl
Acetic acidAldol condensationAldol reactionAldehyde

Question 5: the ________ where an unsaturated carbon in conjugation with the carbonyl is alkylated instead of the carbonyl itself.
OrganocatalysisAldol reactionNucleophilic conjugate additionMichael reaction

Question 6: ________ a phosphonium ylid is used to create an alkene
EtherAldehydeAlcoholWittig reaction

Question 7: Other organic carbonyls are urea and carbamates, the derivatives of acyl chlorides chloroformates and ________, carbonate esters, thioesters, lactones, lactams, hydroxamates, and isocyanates.
SarinChlorineSulfur mustardPhosgene

Question 8: Carbonyls also be alkylated by enolates as in ________.
OrganocatalysisAldol condensationAsymmetric inductionAldol reaction

Question 9: ________); in this situation, carbon is triple-bonded to oxygen: C≡O.
Nickel(II) carbonateNickel(II) chlorideCarbon monoxideNickel tetracarbonyl

Question 10: Therefore, the carbonyl carbon becomes ________, and thus more reactive with nucleophiles.
AlkeneBromineElectrophileHaloalkane







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