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Capital (architecture): Quiz


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Question 1: In the ________ period the feature became of the greatest importance and its variety almost as great as in the Byzantine and Gothic styles.
Western art historyItalian RenaissanceBaroqueRenaissance

Question 2: From the prominent position it occupies in all monumental buildings, the capital is often selected for ornamentation, and is often the clearest indicator of the architectural order (see ________).
Classical orderDoric orderGreek templeCorinthian order

Question 3: The increasing adoption of Composite capitals signalled a trend towards freer, more inventive (and often more coarsely carved) capitals in ________.
Roman EmpireByzantine EmpireLate AntiquityEarly Middle Ages

Question 4: The earliest Aegean capital is that shown in the frescoes at ________ in Crete (1600 BCE); it was of the convex type, probably moulded in stucco.
LabyrinthMinoan civilizationArthur EvansKnossos

Question 5: Capitals of the second, concave type, include the richly carved examples of the columns flanking the Tomb of Agamemnon in ________ (c.
Olympia, GreeceMycenaeAthensDelphi

Question 6: In the Ionic capitals of the archaic Temple of Artemis at ________ (560 BCE) the width of the abacus is twice that of its depth, consequently the earliest Ionic capital known was virtually a bracket capital.

Question 7: The earliest type of capital in Lombardy and ________ is that which is known as the cushion-cap, in which the lower portion of the cube block has been cut away to meet the circular shaft.

Question 8: In the Achaemenid Persian capital the brackets are carved with the lion or the ________ projecting right and left to support the architrave; on their backs they carry other brackets at right angles to support the cross timbers.
Eagle (heraldry)UnicornGriffinSalamander (legendary creature)

Question 9: Indo-Corinthian capitals are capitals crowning columns or pilasters, which can be found in the northwestern Indian subcontinent, and usually combine ________ and Indian elements.
Alexander the GreatHellenistic periodHellenistic civilizationAncient Greece

Question 10: In several traditions of architecture including Classical architecture, the capital (from the ________ caput, 'head') forms the crowning member of a column or a pilaster.
Roman EmpireOld LatinVulgar LatinLatin


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