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Calculus (medicine): Quiz


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Question 1:
  • Can cause hydronephrosis (swollen kidneys) and ________
    Nephrotic syndromeChronic kidney diseaseRenal failureAcute kidney injury

Question 2: Can progress to choledocholithiasis (gallstones in the bile duct) and ________ (inflammation of the pancreas)

Question 3: with elevated levels of ________ (hypercalcaemia) that may cause kidney stones, dietary factors for gallstones.

Question 4:
  • Some stone types (mainly those with substantial calcium content) can be detected on X-ray and ________.
    Medical radiographyX-ray computed tomographyCT pulmonary angiogramMagnetic resonance imaging

Question 5:

Question 6: In kidney stones, calcium oxalate is the most common mineral type (see ________).
HydronephrosisHematuriaKidney stoneRenal tubular acidosis

Question 7: local bacteria action (in kidney stones) or slower fluid flow rates, a possible explanation of the majority of salivary duct calculus occurring in the submandibular ________.
FasciaFacial musclesSalivary glandHead and neck anatomy

Question 8: The earliest operation for curing stones is also given in the ________ (6th century BCE).
Abu al-Qasim al-ZahrawiAvicennaMuhammad ibn Zakariya al-RaziSushruta Samhita

Question 9: Principal compositions include ________ and urate.

Question 10: ________ are lumps of indigestible material in the stomach and/or intestines; most commonly, they consist of hair (in which case they are also known as hairballs).
FrostbiteBezoarBurnForeign body


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