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Blood vessel: Quiz

  
  

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Question 1: ________, the formation of lipid lumps (atheromas) in the blood vessel wall, is the most common cardiovascular disease, the main cause of death in the Western world.
HypertensionLow-density lipoproteinAtherosclerosisAortic dissection

Question 2: The term "arterial blood" is nevertheless used to indicate blood high in ________, although the pulmonary artery carries "venous blood" and blood flowing in the pulmonary vein is rich in oxygen.
HeliumNitrogenHydrogenOxygen

Question 3: vasopressin and ________) and neurotransmitters (e.g.
Renin-angiotensin systemVasodilationAngiotensinHuman physiology

Question 4: ________ is the constriction of blood vessels (narrowing, becoming smaller in cross-sectional area) by contracting the vascular smooth muscle in the vessel walls.
VasodilationAngiotensinVasoconstrictionBlood pressure

Question 5: Branches of the aorta, such as the carotid artery, the ________, the celiac trunk, the mesenteric arteries, the renal artery and the iliac artery.
Arterial treeSubclavian arteryDeep cervical arteryCarotid sinus

Question 6: It is regulated by ________ (agents that cause vasoconstriction).
AngiotensinVasoconstrictionBlood pressureVasodilation

Question 7: In all veins apart from the pulmonary vein, the ________ is desaturated at about 75%.
Serum ironGlycated hemoglobinArterial blood gasHemoglobin

Question 8: ________, for example, cannot progress unless the tumor causes angiogenesis (formation of new blood vessels) to supply the malignant cells' metabolic demand.
CancerCarcinogenesisChemotherapyMetastasis

Question 9: In contrast, occlusion of the blood vessel by atherosclerotic plaque, by an embolised blood clot or a foreign body leads to downstream ischemia (insufficient blood supply) and possibly ________.
HistopathologyInflammationAutopsyNecrosis

Question 10: The blood vessels are the part of the circulatory system that transport ________ throughout the body.
Blood plasmaBloodPlateletRed blood cell
















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