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Blood pressure: Quiz


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Question 1: The mean arterial pressure (MAP) is the average over a ________ and is determined by the cardiac output (CO), systemic vascular resistance (SVR), and central venous pressure (CVP),[30]
Systole (medicine)Cardiac action potentialCirculatory systemCardiac cycle

Question 2: The similarity in pronunciation with ________ can cause confusion.
Aortic dissectionHypertensionAtherosclerosisEssential hypertension

Question 3: Since sodium is the main ion that determines the amount of fluid in the blood vessels by ________, aldosterone will increase fluid retention, and indirectly, arterial pressure.
Osmotic pressureOsmosisOsmoregulationTonicity

Question 4: ________ release: This steroid hormone is released from the adrenal cortex in response to angiotensin II or high serum potassium levels.

Question 5: The medulla, by way of the ________, adjusts the mean arterial pressure by altering both the force and speed of the heart's contractions, as well as the total peripheral resistance.
NerveSympathetic nervous systemParasympathetic nervous systemAutonomic nervous system

Question 6: ________ refers to arterial pressure being abnormally high, as opposed to hypotension, when it is abnormally low.
Aortic dissectionHypertensionEssential hypertensionAtherosclerosis

Question 7: Higher pressures increase heart workload and progression of unhealthy tissue growth (________) that develops within the walls of arteries.
Abdominal aortic aneurysmAtheromaAortic dissectionAtherosclerosis

Question 8: Even moderate elevation of arterial pressure leads to shortened ________.
Life extensionLife expectancyLongevityMaximum life span

Question 9: The aldosterone system is directly targeted by ________, an aldosterone antagonist.

Question 10: The physics of the ________ are very complex.
Fetal circulationHeartMyocardial infarctionCirculatory system


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