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Biodiversity of New Zealand: Quiz


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Question 1: For at least several Ma before the arrival of the human and its commensal species, the islands had no terrestrial mammals except for ________, the main component of the terrestrial fauna being insects and birds.
OpossumEven-toed ungulateBatPrimate

Question 2: [4] The fossil record shows one crocodile, possibly a mekosuchine crocodile, in the ________, but otherwise the only reptiles to reach New Zealand were skinks, geckos, and the tuatara, a living fossil.
MioceneLanghianPlioceneGeologic time scale

Question 3: It has been moving northwards since then, changing both in relief and ________.
RainPrecipitation (meteorology)MeteorologyClimate

Question 4: Its flora is dominated by Gondwanan plants, comprising historically of forests, most famously the giant kauri (________).
Podocarpus totaraPinophytaAgathis australisSeed

Question 5: Recent studies suggest that ________ are Gondwanan descendants.
AntbirdNew Zealand wrenPasserineBird

Question 6: [1] The range of ancient fauna is not well-known but at least one species of non-flying terrestrial ________ existed in New Zealand around 19 Ma ago.
PrimateMammalMammal classificationEven-toed ungulate

Question 7: Birds comprise the most important part of New Zealand's ________ fauna.

Question 8: Most of these immigrants have arrived from ________, and have provided the majority of New Zealand's birds and bats as well as some plant species (carried on the wind or inside the guts of birds).
CanadaBarbadosUnited KingdomAustralia

Question 9: ________, which because of their intolerance for saltwater are assumed to have descended from ancestors that broke off from Gondwana, are one of the few exceptions to the rule that amphibians are never found on oceanic islands (another being the frogs of Fiji).
MicrohylidaePoison dart frogFrogTrue toad

Question 10: The two sources of New Zealand's biodiversity following separation from Gondwana have been ________ and air- or sea-borne immigration.
Sympatric speciationSpeciationEvolutionPopulation genetics


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