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Biochemistry: Quiz


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Question 1: A reducing end of a carbohydrate is a carbon atom which can be in equilibrium with the open-chain ________ or keto form.

Question 2: The function of ________ includes energy storage and providing structure.

Question 3: The resulting molecule is called a dipeptide, and short stretches of amino acids (usually, fewer than around thirty) are called ________ or polypeptides.
PeptideMelanotan IIAfamelanotideBremelanotide

Question 4: These molecules recognize specific reactant molecules called substrates; they then ________ the reaction between them.

Question 5: The H—OH or H2O is then released as a molecule of ________, hence the term dehydration.
Water resourcesOxygenWaterEarth

Question 6: The ________ of a protein simply consists of its linear sequence of amino acids; for instance, "alanine-glycine-tryptophan-serine-glutamate-asparagine-glycine-lysine-…".
Protein biosynthesisDisulfide bondGlycosylationPrimary structure

Question 7: Two of the most common polysaccharides are ________ and glycogen, both consisting of repeating glucose monomers.

Question 8: ________ are usually made up of a molecule of glycerol and other molecules.

Question 9: Disaccharides like lactose or ________ are cleaved into their two component monosaccharides.

Question 10: These are the ________, since it is essential to ingest them.
MethionineEssential amino acidLysineGlutamic acid

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