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Beta-lactam antibiotic: Quiz

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Question 1: ________ will occur in approximately 0.01% of patients.
Graft-versus-host diseaseAnaphylaxisSerum sicknessAllergy

Question 2: β-Lactam antibiotics not only block the division of bacteria, including cyanobacteria, but also the division of cyanelles, the photosynthetic organelles of the Glaucophytes, and the division of ________ of bryophytes.
PlastidPlant cellCell wallChloroplast

Question 3: β-lactam antibiotics are analogues of D-alanyl-D-alanine - the terminal ________ residues on the precursor NAM/NAG-peptide subunits of the nascent peptidoglycan layer.
Amino acid synthesisAmino acidL-DOPAMetabolism

Question 4: In contrast, they have no effect on the ________ of the highly developed vascular plants.
ChloroplastPlastidCell wallPlant cell

Question 5: If the bacteria produces the ________ β-lactamase or penicillinase, these enzymes will break open the β-lactam ring of the antibiotic, rendering the antibiotic ineffective.
EnzymeCofactor (biochemistry)ProteinEnzyme inhibitor

Question 6: Infrequent ADRs include fever, vomiting, erythema, dermatitis, ________, pseudomembranous colitis.
HypersensitivityAllergyAnaphylaxisAngioedema

Question 7: β-lactam antibiotics are indicated for the ________ and treatment of bacterial infections caused by susceptible organisms.
Infectious diseasePreventive medicineMedicineObstetrics

Question 8: β-Lactams containing 1,2,3,4-tetrahydro________ rings are named carbacephems.
PyridineBenzeneEthanolAcetic acid

Question 9: β-lactam antibiotics are a broad class of ________ that include penicillin derivatives (penams), cephalosporins (cephems), monobactams, and carbapenems,[1] that is, any antibiotic agent that contains a β-lactam nucleus in its molecular structure.
ATC code J01Antibiotic misuseAntibioticNucleic acid inhibitor

Question 10: The first mode of β-lactam resistance is due to enzymatic ________ of the β-lactam ring.
HydrolysisAcidCarbohydrateCellulose







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