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Battle of Navarino: Quiz

  
  

Question 1: What does the following picture show?

  Map of Europe in 1815, after the end of the Napoleonic Wars. Note that since its apogee in the 17th century, the Ottoman empire had lost Greater Hungary (including Transylvania) to the Austrian Empire and the whole of the region North of the Black sea and Caucasus to the Russian empire. (The map erroneously fails to show that the whole of North Africa was still under Ottoman control at this time)
  Russian land and sea forces assail the Ottoman Black Sea fortress of Varna in Rumelia (Bulgaria), September 1828. The assault was successful, but the two other main Ottoman fortresses in Rumelia held out, extending the Russo-Turkish War for a further year
  Ibrahim Pasha, the son of a renegade ethnic-Greek mother from Thrace, who was adopted as a child by the Egyptian ruler Muhammad Ali when the latter married his mother and brought up as a Muslim. He commanded the Egyptian expedition to the Peloponnese (1825-8). The atrocities committed by his forces against the native Greek population made him the most reviled figure in Europe. But he was an able general and later (1831-9) inflicted crushing defeats in Syria on his nominal overlord, the Ottoman Sultan Mahmud II

Question 2: What does the following picture show?

  Tsar Nicholas I of Russia, (r. 1825-55). A Russian nationalist and Orthodox crusader, he prodded Britain into giving naval assistance to the Greeks and then launched the Russo-Turkish War of 1828-9, which finally secured Greek independence and Russian hegemony in the Black sea region
  Vice-Admiral Sir Edward Codrington, Allied commander-in-chief at the Battle of Navarino
  Map of Europe in 1815, after the end of the Napoleonic Wars. Note that since its apogee in the 17th century, the Ottoman empire had lost Greater Hungary (including Transylvania) to the Austrian Empire and the whole of the region North of the Black sea and Caucasus to the Russian empire. (The map erroneously fails to show that the whole of North Africa was still under Ottoman control at this time)
  Map of Navarino bay. The diagram of the order of battle contains inaccuracies

Question 3: What does the following picture show?

  Ottoman fleet ablaze in Navarino bay, 20 Oct 1827
  George Canning, British foreign secretary 1822-7 and prime minister April-August 1827, architect of the Treaty of London, which launched European intervention in the Greek conflict
  Map of Europe in 1815, after the end of the Napoleonic Wars. Note that since its apogee in the 17th century, the Ottoman empire had lost Greater Hungary (including Transylvania) to the Austrian Empire and the whole of the region North of the Black sea and Caucasus to the Russian empire. (The map erroneously fails to show that the whole of North Africa was still under Ottoman control at this time)
  Russian land and sea forces assail the Ottoman Black Sea fortress of Varna in Rumelia (Bulgaria), September 1828. The assault was successful, but the two other main Ottoman fortresses in Rumelia held out, extending the Russo-Turkish War for a further year

Question 4: Tahir Pasha Squadron (Admiral commanding) (________): 1 battleship, 6 frigates, 7 corvettes, 6 brigs
Byzantine EmpireHagia SophiaConstantinopleByzantine navy

Question 5: He had joined the ________ at age 13 as a midshipman and worked his way to the top by sheer merit and courage.
Royal NavyHMS Illustrious (R06)HMS Ark Royal (R07)HMS Ocean (L12)

Question 6: This was certainly the position adopted by the two chief architects (and enforcers) of the Congress system, British foreign secretary Viscount Castlereagh and Austrian ________ Prince von Metternich.
First MinisterPremierPresidentChancellor

Question 7: In 1822, Castlereagh was succeeded as foreign secretary by ________, to Metternich's dismay.
Harold MacmillanJames CallaghanJohn MajorGeorge Canning

Question 8: Its armies overran the entire Balkan peninsula and reached the borders of Austria, laying siege to ________ itself twice (in 1529 and 1683).
BudapestBelgradeBratislavaVienna

Question 9: [1] In response to Greek guerrilla attacks on his forces in the Peloponnese, Ibrahim launched a campaign of deporting civilians to slavery in Egypt and a ________ policy which threatened the population with starvation.
Trench warfareFortificationScorched earthHill fort

Question 10: In 1825, Ottoman Sultan ________ (ruled 1808-39) had succeeded in breaking the stalemate that the war had reached.
Mahmud IIAbdülmecid IOttoman EmpireAbdülaziz
















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