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Basal ganglia: Quiz


Question 1:
How do you write Basal ganglia in latin?
Dioecesis Segobiensis
nervus cardiacus cervicalis superior
nuclei basales
rami septales posteriores arteriae sphenopalatinae

Question 2: A number of highly addictive drugs, including cocaine, ________, and nicotine, are thought to work by increasing the efficacy of the VTA→NA dopamine signal.

Question 3: Additional structures that later became associated with the basal ganglia are the "body of Luys" (1865) (nucleus of Luys on the figure) or ________, whose lesion was known to produce movement disorders.
Thalamocortical radiationsDentatothalamic tractSubthalamic nucleusThalamus

Question 4: The basal ganglia have a limbic sector whose components are assigned distinct names: the nucleus accumbens (NA), ventral pallidum, and ________ (VTA).
White matterRaphe nucleiVentral tegmental areaSubstantia nigra

Question 5: ________ (ADHD)
Major depressive disorderBipolar disorderAttention-deficit hyperactivity disorderSchizophrenia

Question 6: [13] For many years, the ________ and the caudate nucleus were not associated with each other.
PutamenHippocampusBasal gangliaSubstantia nigra

Question 7: ________, caused by chronic antipsychotic treatment
DopamineTardive dyskinesiaTourette syndromeAkathisia

Question 8: The basal ganglia are associated with a variety of functions, including motor control and ________.

Question 9: The basal ganglia (or basal nuclei) are a group of nuclei in the ________ of vertebrates, situated at the base of the forebrain and strongly connected with the cerebral cortex, thalamus and other areas.
Sensory systemDigestionBrainNervous system

Question 10: ________: basal ganglia damage during second and third trimester of pregnancy
Cerebral palsyHereditary spastic paraplegiaHemiplegiaSpastic diplegia

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