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Atrial fibrillation: Quiz

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Question 1: Nonvalvular AF - absence of rheumatic mitral valve disease, a ________, or mitral valve repair
Myocardial infarctionStrokeArtificial heart valveArtery

Question 2: Anticoagulation can be achieved through a number of means including the use of ________, heparin, warfarin, and dabigatran.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugAspirinDiclofenacIbuprofen

Question 3: Atrial fibrillation is often asymptomatic, and is not in itself generally life-threatening, but may result in palpitations, fainting, chest pain, or ________.
Heart failureMyocardial infarctionHypertrophic cardiomyopathyCoronary artery disease

Question 4: People with AF are often given anticoagulants such as ________ to protect them from stroke.
WarfarinHeparinClopidogrelAspirin

Question 5: An embolus proceeds through smaller and smaller ________ until it plugs one of them and prevents blood from flowing any farther in that artery.
Blood vesselArterySystemic circulationArterial tree

Question 6: An embolus lodged in an artery of the brain produces the most feared complication, namely ________.
StrokeCerebral aneurysmSubarachnoid hemorrhageCerebral venous sinus thrombosis

Question 7: Excessive alcohol consumption ("________" or "holiday heart syndrome").
Binge drinkingWineBeerAlcoholism

Question 8: If the clot becomes mobile and is carried away by the blood circulation, it is called an ________.
Fat embolismEmbolismCardiovascular diseaseAir embolism

Question 9: Furthermore, AF with a persistent rapid rate can cause a form of ________ called tachycardia induced cardiomyopathy.
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathyHeart failureAtrial fibrillationMyocardial infarction

Question 10: However, a stronger indicator of AF is the absence of P waves on an ________ (ECG or EKG), which are normally present when there is a coordinated atrial contraction at the beginning of each heart beat.
ElectrocardiographyCardiopulmonary resuscitationBlood pressureCirculatory system







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