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Atheroma: Quiz


Question 1: The presence of smaller, spotty plaques may actually be the more dangerous culprit for progressing to acute ________.
Ischaemic heart diseaseMyocardial infarctionCoronary artery diseaseHeart failure

Question 2: Atheroma and changes in the artery wall usually result in small ________ (enlargements) just large enough to compensate for the extra wall thickness with no change in the lumen diameter.
AtherosclerosisAortic dissectionAortic aneurysmAneurysm

Question 3: Comparatively, stenoses of about 75% are required to produce detectable abnormalities during ________.
Coronary catheterizationCardiology diagnostic tests and proceduresCoronary artery bypass surgeryCardiac stress test

Question 4: The main structural proteins are ________ and elastin.
CollagenLysyl hydroxylaseCollagen, type I, alpha 1Keratin

Question 5: On average, by clinical research using ________, there is a minor stenosis, about 20%, present over those unstable atheroma which rupture and result in major disability or death.
AtherosclerosisCoronary artery bypass surgeryIntravascular ultrasoundMyocardial infarction

Question 6: head (________)
Cerebral venous sinus thrombosisCerebral aneurysmVascular diseaseCarotid artery stenosis

Question 7: This is the principal mechanism of heart attack, stroke or other related ________ problems.
Cardiovascular diseaseHeart diseasePneumopericardiumCoronary artery aneurysm

Question 8: The older methods for understanding atheroma, dating to before ________, relied on autopsy data.
Soviet occupationsWorld War IICollaboration with the Axis Powers during World War IISecond Sino-Japanese War

Question 9: The sudden nature of the complications of pre-existing atheroma, ________, have led, since the 1950s, to the development of intensive care units and complex medical and surgical interventions.
Myocardial infarctionCardiac stress testAtherosclerosisVulnerable plaque

Question 10: In ________, with improved public health, infection control and increasing life spans, atheroma processes have become an increasingly important problem and burden for society.
TurkeyDeveloped countryHigh income economyHuman Development Index


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