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Astronomy in medieval Islam: Quiz

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Question 1: ________ (1236–1311)
AvicennaAstronomy in medieval IslamAlhazenQotb al-Din Shirazi

Question 2: The first optical research to describe a magnifying lens used in an instrument was found in a book called the ________ (1021) written by Ibn al-Haytham (Alhazen).
Al-KindiAbu Rayhan BiruniNasir al-Din al-TusiBook of Optics

Question 3: [193] Abi Bakr's geared astrolabe uses a set of ________-wheels and is the oldest surviving complete mechanical geared machine in existence.
Transmission (mechanics)GearWorm driveRack and pinion

Question 4: In ________, the first major original Muslim work of astronomy was Zij al-Sindh by al-Khwarizimi in 830.
Optical telescopePhysical cosmologyObservational astronomyX-ray astronomy

Question 5: Vigorous investigation, and acceptance and modification to the ________ (825—1025 AD)
Celestial spheresHeliocentrismGreek astronomyGeocentric model

Question 6: Muslim astronomers were brought to ________ in order to work on calendar making and astronomy during the Mongol Empire and the succeeding Yuan Dynasty.
Religion in ChinaTime in ChinaProvince (China)China

Question 7: This was a universal horary dial invented in 9th century ________.
BeijingTehranJakartaBaghdad

Question 8: [60] Later in the 12th century, his successors ________ and Nur Ed-Din Al Betrugi (Alpetragius) were the first to propose planetary models without any equant, epicycles or eccentrics.
Early Islamic philosophyIbn TufailAvicennismAverroes

Question 9: Adnan, Abdulhak (1939), La science chez les Turcs ottomans, ________ 
MarseilleParisVersaillesÉvry, Essonne

Question 10: Founded by ________ in the early 15th century, the observatory made considerable progress in observational astronomy.
Ulugh BegMuhammad ibn Jābir al-Harrānī al-BattānīAbu Rayhan BiruniMuhammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī







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