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Artery: Quiz


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Question 1: ________ described and popularized the modern concept of the circulatory system and the roles of arteries and veins in the 17th century.
HeartIbn al-NafisWilliam HarveyArtery

Question 2: An ________ or plaque in the artery wall is a build up of cell debris, that contain lipids (cholesterol and fatty acids), calcium and a variable amount of fibrous connective tissue
Abdominal aortic aneurysmAtheromaAortic dissectionAtherosclerosis

Question 3: Systemic arteries deliver blood to the arterioles, and then to the ________, where nutrients and gasses are exchanged.
HeartArteryCirculatory systemCapillary

Question 4: The arterial system of the human body is divided into systemic arteries, carrying blood from the heart to the whole body, and pulmonary arteries, carrying blood from the ________ to the lungs.
Circulatory systemTorsoHeartLymphatic system

Question 5: Systemic arteries are the arteries of the systemic circulation, which is the part of the cardiovascular system which carries oxygenated ________ away from the heart, to the body, and returns deoxygenated blood back to the heart.
PlateletRed blood cellBlood plasmaBlood

Question 6: Arterioles, the smallest of the true arteries, help regulate ________ by the variable contraction of the smooth muscle of their walls, and deliver blood to the capillaries.
VasodilationCirculatory systemRenin-angiotensin systemBlood pressure

Question 7: The pulmonary arteries carry deoxygenated ________ that has just returned from the body to the heart towards the lungs, where carbon dioxide is exchanged for oxygen.
BloodRed blood cellBlood plasmaPlatelet

Question 8: The anatomy of arteries can be separated into gross anatomy, at the macroscopic level, and microscopic anatomy, which must be studied with the aid of a ________.
Agar plateMicroscopeEudiometerCuvette

Question 9: Arteries[1] are blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood away from the ________.
TorsoCirculatory systemHeartLymphatic system

Question 10: Capillaries have no smooth muscle surrounding them and have a diameter less than that of ________; a red blood cell is typically 7 micrometers outside diameter, capillaries typically 5 micrometers inside diameter.
Blood plasmaHematologyPlateletRed blood cell

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