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Arteriovenous fistula: Quiz


Question 1: The physical manifestations of this would be a relatively normal systolic ________ with a decreased diastolic blood pressure resulting in a wide (large) pulse pressure.
Blood pressureVasodilationRenin-angiotensin systemCirculatory system

Question 2: It may be congenital, surgically created for hemodialysis treatments, or acquired due to pathologic process, such as trauma or erosion of an arterial ________.
Aortic aneurysmAortic dissectionAneurysmAtherosclerosis

Question 3: primarily lower limb (________)
Deep vein thrombosisBudd-Chiari syndromePulmonary embolismCerebral venous sinus thrombosis

Question 4: An arteriovenous fistula is an abnormal connection or passageway between an ________ and a vein.
ArteryBlood vesselSystemic circulationArterial tree

Question 5: Patients with ________ are treated with hemodialysis.
Acute kidney injuryChronic kidney diseaseDiabetic nephropathyNephrology

Question 6: This lowered peripheral resistance causes the heart to increase ________ in order to maintain proper blood flow to all tissues.
Blood pressureFetal circulationCardiac outputCirculatory system


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