Argument from ignorance: Quiz

Question 1: Inductive usage refers to the extension of an argument to support a wider generalization of a ________, principle, scientific theory, or universal law.
PlatoHypothesisEmpiricismScientific method

Question 2: This terminology was introduced by Richard Dawkins[3][4], who used it to describe the ________.
Teleological argumentCosmological argumentArgument from poor designDeism

Question 3: Both ________ commonly share this structure[citation needed]: a person regards the lack of evidence for one view as constituting proof that another view is true.
Inductive reasoningArgumentAristotleInformal logic

Question 4: "The sky is blue"), then he might decide it is unnecessary to provide evidence supporting that assertion; however, these issues (to which ________ foundationalism is closely related, and with which it is also closely intertwined) are still debated.

Question 5: Unexplained phenomena are an indication that a particular ________ does not provide a satisfactory model sufficient to explain or predict all outcomes.
EmpiricismAristotleScientific theoryScientific method

Question 6: However, later theories based around ________ provide an adequate explanatory model of both.
Schrödinger equationIntroduction to quantum mechanicsWave–particle dualityQuantum mechanics

Question 7: For example, the wave theory of light does not explain photon anti-correlation experiments,[7] though it successfully predicts the results of the ________.
Introduction to quantum mechanicsQuantum mechanicsDouble-slit experimentWave–particle duality

Question 8: The two most common forms of the argument from ignorance, both ________, can be reduced to the following form:
Begging the questionQuantificationAmbiguityFallacy

Question 9: In most modern criminal legal systems there is a ________, and it is the responsibility of the prosecution to prove (usually "beyond reasonable doubt") that a defendant has in fact committed a particular crime.
Human rightsRight to a fair trialCruel and unusual punishmentPresumption of innocence

Question 10: ________ (Stephen Colbert's ironic term for belief regardless of truth in politics.)
The Colbert ReportStephen Colbert (character)TruthinessStephen Colbert at the 2006 White House Correspondents' Association Dinner

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