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Arabic phonology: Quiz

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Question 1: /θaːnawiːja//saːnawiːja/, '________').
Secondary educationSecondary schoolHigh schoolGymnasium (school)

Question 2: ________,[22]; except when it follows long or short /i/ when it is not emphatic: بسم الله bismi l-lāh [bismilˈlaːh] ('in the name of God').
MuhammadIslamAllahSharia

Question 3: [38] An original ________ */ɬ/ became /ʃ/.
Voiced dental fricativeVoiceless glottal fricativeVoiceless alveolar lateral fricativeVoiceless uvular plosive

Question 4: Note that the five least frequent letters are among the six letters added to those inherited from the ________.
Latin alphabetGreek alphabetPhoenician alphabetArabic alphabet

Question 5: Modern Standard Arabic has 28 ________ phonemes, making phonemic contrasts between "emphatic" (pharyngealized or velarized) consonants and non-emphatic ones; Arabic also has three vowel phonemes.
Velar consonantConsonantAlveolar consonantPalatal consonant

Question 6: Thelwall (1990) argues[18] that Arabic descriptions of a voiced pharyngeal fricative are incorrect and that Arabic varieties instead possesses a pharyngealized ________ ([ʔˤ].
Palatal approximantVoiceless glottal fricativeGlottal stopVelar nasal

Question 7: However, by the 8th century the letter alif no longer represented a ________, but a long /aː/.
Palatal approximantGlottal stopVoiceless glottal fricativeVelar nasal

Question 8: While many languages have numerous dialects that differ in pronunciation, the ________ is more properly described as a collection of different varieties or Macrolanguage.
Ancient North ArabianArabic languageModern Standard ArabicEgyptian Arabic

Question 9: [1] This article deals primarily with ________, which is the standard variety shared by educated speakers throughout Arabic-speaking regions.
Ancient North ArabianModern Standard ArabicEgyptian ArabicArabic language

Question 10: As a result, a ________ symbol, hamza, was introduced to represent this sound.
Acute accentTypographic ligatureDiacriticLatin-derived alphabet







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