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Aortic valve stenosis: Quiz


Question 1: The Triad of AS is ________ on exertion, Angina and Syncope ("Aortic Stenosis is a S.A.D.
HemoptysisCoughShortness of breathPleurisy

Question 2: The murmur increases with squatting, decreases with standing and isometric muscular contraction, which helps distinguish it from ________ (HOCM).
Aortic valve stenosisAtrial fibrillationMyocardial infarctionHypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Question 3: Although aortic stenosis does not lead to any specific findings on the ________, it still often leads to a number of electrocardiographic abnormalities.
Cardiopulmonary resuscitationBlood pressureCirculatory systemElectrocardiography

Question 4: See Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA) ________ Then, and only then, in neonates, will the following advice be appropriate.
Cerebral arteriovenous malformationArteriovenous malformationPatent ductus arteriosusICD-10 Chapter XVII: Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities

Question 5: (However, this gradient can be abnormally low in the presence of mitral stenosis, heart failure or co-existent ________.)
Mitral regurgitationAortic insufficiencyTricuspid valve stenosisAortic valve stenosis

Question 6: CHF in the setting of AS is due to a combination of systolic dysfunction (a decrease in the ejection fraction) and ________ (elevated filling pressure of the LV).
Aortic valve stenosisAtrial fibrillationDiastolic dysfunctionHypertension

Question 7: For instance, with a mild AS, the gradient may be 20 ________.
Pascal (unit)Pressure measurementPressureTorr

Question 8: A 2007 study did demonstrate a slowing of aortic stenosis with the statin ________.

Question 9: Examples include nitroglycerin, nitrates, ________, terazosin (Hytrin), and hydralazine.
ACE inhibitorAngiotensin II receptor antagonistRenin inhibitorAntihypertensive drug

Question 10: gastroscopy and colonoscopy), with or without ________, are not usually considered indications for antibiotic prophylaxis.


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