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Antacid: Quiz


Question 1: When gastric ________ reaches the nerves in the gastrointestinal mucosa, they signal pain to the central nervous system.
Hydrochloric acidHydrogen chlorideSulfuric acidEthanol

Question 2: ________ (Alcalak, TUMS, Quick-Eze, Rennie, Titralac, Rolaids)
Calcium oxideCalcium silicateCalcium hydroxideCalcium carbonate

Question 3: ________ (Bicarbonate of soda, Alka-Seltzer)
Sodium bicarbonateSodium hydroxideSodium chlorideSodium carbonate

Question 4: Excess ________ from supplements, fortified food and high-calcium diets, can cause the milk-alkali syndrome, which has serious toxicity and can be fatal.

Question 5: The gastric acid may also reach ulcers in the esophagus or the ________.
StomachDuodenumHuman gastrointestinal tractSmall intestine

Question 6: [2] Calcium salts may cause ________.
Crohn's diseaseConstipationUlcerative colitisIrritable bowel syndrome

Question 7: ________ – NaHCO3 and/or KHCO3
AspirinCitric acidAcidAlka-Seltzer

Question 8: Antihypertensives • Diuretics • Vasodilators • Beta blockers • Calcium channel blockers • renin-angiotensin system (________, Angiotensin II receptor antagonists, Renin inhibitors)
ATC code LACE inhibitorChemotherapyAntihypertensive drug

Question 9: Magnesium may accumulate in patients with ________ leading to hypermagnesemia, with cardiovascular and neurological complications.
Nephrotic syndromeAcute kidney injuryChronic kidney diseaseRenal failure

Question 10: Aluminium-containing drugs may cause ________.
ConstipationUlcerative colitisIrritable bowel syndromeCrohn's disease

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