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Aneurysm: Quiz


Question 1: As the size of an aneurysm increases, there is an increased risk of rupture, which can result in severe ________, other complications or even death.
BleedingPurpuraBruiseGastrointestinal bleeding

Question 2: If the CT scan is negative but a ruptured aneurysm is still suspected, a lumbar puncture is performed to detect blood in the ________ (CSF).
Choroid plexusCerebrospinal fluidMeningesArachnoid granulation

Question 3: Most frequent site of occurrence of ________ is in the anterior communicating artery which is part of the circle of Willis.
Carotid artery stenosisVascular diseaseCerebral venous sinus thrombosisCerebral aneurysm

Question 4: Arterial aneurysms are much more common, but ________ aneurysms do happen (for example, the popliteal venous aneurysm).
Vertebral veinVeinInternal jugular veinBrachiocephalic vein

Question 5: Most (94%) non-intracranial aneurysms arise distal to the origin of the renal arteries at the infrarenal abdominal aorta, a condition mostly caused by ________.
Cardiovascular diseaseAtherosclerosisHypertensionAtheroma

Question 6: The next most common sites of ________ occurrence are in the internal carotid artery at the level of the posterior communicating artery and at the ICA terminus.
Cerebral aneurysmCerebral venous sinus thrombosisCarotid artery stenosisVascular disease

Question 7: While most aneurysms occur in an isolated form, the occurrence of berry aneurysms of the anterior communicating artery of the circle of Willis is associated with ________ (ADPKD).
Autosomal recessive polycystic kidneyMeckel syndromeNephronophthisisAutosomal dominant polycystic kidney

Question 8: The third stage of ________ also manifests as aneurysm of the aorta, which is due to loss of the vasa vasorum in the tunica adventitia.
Erythema chronicum migransSyphilisMolluscum contagiosumHerpes simplex

Question 9: One common form of thoracic aortic aneurysm involves widening of the proximal aorta and the aortic root, which leads to ________.
Aortic insufficiencyAortic valve stenosisMitral regurgitationMitral stenosis

Question 10: [14] ________ is about 1000 times stiffer.
Collagen, type I, alpha 1Lysyl hydroxylaseKeratinCollagen


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