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Alzheimer's disease: Quiz


Question 1: Alterations in the distribution of different neurotrophic factors and in the expression of their receptors such as the ________ (BDNF) have been described in AD.
Brain-derived neurotrophic factorNerve growth factorMelatoninNeurotrophin-3

Question 2: [120][121][122][123] ________ (EMF) have also been proposed to be related to AD by some experts, [124][125] but not others.
ElectromagnetismMaxwell's equationsElectromagnetic fieldElectromagnetic radiation

Question 3: The best known genetic risk factor is the inheritance of the ε4 allele of the ________ (APOE).
Apolipoprotein A1Apolipoprotein EApolipoprotein BLDL receptor

Question 4: The oldest, on which most currently available drug therapies are based, is the cholinergic hypothesis,[32] which proposes that AD is caused by reduced synthesis of the neurotransmitter ________.
KetamineDextromethorphanAcetylcholineKynurenic acid

Question 5: [25] Although aggressiveness can still be present, extreme apathy and ________ are much more common results.
Fatigue (medical)ICD-10 Chapter XVIII: Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findingsMalaisePneumonia

Question 6: Accumulation of aggregated amyloid fibrils, which are believed to be the toxic form of the protein responsible for disrupting the cell's calcium ion homeostasis, induces programmed cell death (________).
Apoptosis-inducing factorSignal transductionApoptosisTranscription factor

Question 7: Mental stimulation, exercise, and a ________ are suggested, as both a possible prevention and a sensible way of managing the disease.
NutritionHuman nutritionMalnutritionHealthy diet

Question 8: [48] ________ virus type 1 has also been proposed to play a causative role in people carrying the susceptible versions of the apoE gene.
ChickenpoxHerpes zosterMolluscum contagiosumHerpes simplex

Question 9: [15][16][17] In ________, AD is one of the most costly diseases to society.
Developed countryHigh income economyTurkeyHuman Development Index

Question 10: The first symptoms are often mistaken as related to ________ or stress.
Human development (biology)Developmental biologyDeathAgeing

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