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Alkaloid: Quiz

  
  

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Question 1: ________ (Mitragyna speciosa) alkaloids: mitragynine, 7-hydroxymitragynine
UncariaKratomPausinystalia yohimbeCinchona

Question 2: Phenethylamine group: mescaline, ephedrine, ________
AmphetamineDopamineMDMATyramine

Question 3: Pyrrolidine group: hygrine, cuscohygrine, ________
NicotineNicotinic agonistPhencyclidineLobeline

Question 4: What does the following picture show?

  Crystals of piperine extracted from black pepper.
  The nicotine molecule contains both pyridine (left) and pyrrolidine rings (right).
  Friedrich Sertürner, the German chemist who first isolated morphine from opium.
  Strychnine tree. Its seeds are rich in strychnine and brucine.

Question 5: Low-molecular weight alkaloids without hydrogen bond donors such as hydroxy groups are often liquid at room temperature, examples are nicotine, sparteine, ________, and phenethylamine.
ConiineAconitineCocaineSalicylic acid

Question 6: What does the following picture show?

  Bufotenin, a poison from some toads, contains an indole core and is produced in living organisms from the amino acid tryptophan.
  Friedrich Sertürner, the German chemist who first isolated morphine from opium.
  The first individual alkaloid, morphine, was isolated in 1804 from poppy (Papaver somniferum).[1]
  The article which introduced the concept of "alkaloid".

Question 7: ________ (the ergot alkaloids): ergine, ergotamine, lysergic acid
Lysergic acid hydroxyethylamideErgolineLysergic acid diethylamideErgometrine

Question 8: What does the following picture show?

  Bufotenin, a poison from some toads, contains an indole core and is produced in living organisms from the amino acid tryptophan.
  The nicotine molecule contains both pyridine (left) and pyrrolidine rings (right).
  Friedrich Sertürner, the German chemist who first isolated morphine from opium.

Question 9: Examples are the local anesthetic and stimulant cocaine, the stimulant caffeine, nicotine, the ________ morphine, or the antimalarial drug quinine.
DepressantAnalgesicDissociativeNon-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug

Question 10: They often have pharmacological effects and are used as medications, as recreational drugs, or in ________ rituals.
Psilocybin mushroomsPsychedelics, dissociatives and deliriantsEntheogenPsychedelic drug
















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