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Adiabatic process: Quiz

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Question 1: Another example is the ________, which is the temperature that would be achieved by a flame in the absence of heat loss to the surroundings.
HydrogenCarbonOxygenAdiabatic flame temperature

Question 2: An adiabat is a curve of constant ________ on the P-V diagram.
EntropyThermodynamicsStatistical mechanicsGibbs free energy

Question 3: Adiabatic changes in temperature occur due to changes in pressure of a ________ while not adding or subtracting any heat.
AtomThermodynamic temperatureGasSpecific heat capacity

Question 4: Differentiating Equation (3) and use of the ________, PV = nRT, yields
Van der Waals equationEntropyStatistical mechanicsIdeal gas law

Question 5: One technique used to reach very low temperatures (thousandths and even millionths of a degree above absolute zero) is adiabatic demagnetisation, where the change in ________ on a magnetic material is used to provide adiabatic cooling.
Magnetic momentMaxwell's equationsMagnetic fieldMagnetism

Question 6: Adiabatic heating also occurs in the Earth's atmosphere when an ________ descends, for example, in a katabatic wind or Foehn wind flowing downhill.
Precipitation (meteorology)Air massSevere weatherThunderstorm

Question 7: The term "adiabatic" literally means impassable, coming from the Greek roots ἀ- ("not"), διὰ- ("through"), and βαῖνειν ("to pass"); this etymology corresponds here to an absence of ________.
Heat exchangerThermal conductivityTemperatureHeat transfer

Question 8: Adiabatic cooling also occurs in the Earth's atmosphere with orographic lifting and lee waves, and this can form pileus or lenticular clouds if the air is cooled below the ________.
Dew pointConvective available potential energyWet-bulb temperatureHeat index

Question 9: Such temperature changes can be quantified using the ________, or the hydrostatic equation for atmospheric processes.
Ideal gas lawVan der Waals equationStatistical mechanicsEntropy

Question 10: Since temperature is thermodynamically conjugate to ________, the isothermal process is conjugate to the adiabatic process for reversible transformations.
Ideal gas lawGibbs free energyEntropyStatistical mechanics







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