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Acute respiratory distress syndrome: Quiz


Question 1: When ________ is diagnosed, appropriate local protocols should be enacted.
Acute liver failureSepsisAcute respiratory distress syndromeShock (circulatory)

Question 2: The triggering insult to the parenchyma usually results in an initial release of ________ and other inflammatory mediators, secreted by local epithelial and endothelial cells.

Question 3: Indeed, even relatively low stress forces may induce ________ systems at the cellular level, thus inducing the release of inflammatory mediators.
Membrane receptorReceptor (biochemistry)Signal transductionLipid signaling

Question 4: [1] The evolution towards shock and/or ________ follows paths analogous to the pathophysiology of sepsis.
Acute respiratory distress syndromeAcute liver failureMultiple organ dysfunction syndromeCardiogenic shock

Question 5: Renal: ________ (ARF), positive fluid balance.
Renal tubular acidosisKidney stoneAcute kidney injuryChronic kidney disease

Question 6: The result is a critical illness in which the 'endothelial disease' of severe sepsis/________ is worsened by the pulmonary dysfunction, which further impairs oxygen delivery.
Acute respiratory distress syndromeSystemic inflammatory response syndromeAcute liver failureShock (circulatory)

Question 7: [citation needed] Its incidence in the intensive care unit (ICU), ________ population is much higher.
Shock (circulatory)Mechanical ventilationAcute respiratory distress syndromePositive airway pressure

Question 8: Aside from the infectious complications arising from invasive ventilation with tracheal ________, positive-pressure ventilation directly alters lung mechanics during ARDS.
Bag valve maskIntubationCardiopulmonary resuscitationEpinephrine

Question 9: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), also known as respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) or adult respiratory distress syndrome (in contrast with IRDS) is a serious reaction to various forms of injuries to the ________.
Respiratory systemLungDigestionImmune system

Question 10: Inhaled ________ (NO) potentially acts as selective pulmonary vasodilator.
Hydrogen sulfideNitrous oxideCarbon monoxideNitric oxide


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