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Acidosis: Quiz

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Question 1: Mutations to the ________ 'a4' or 'B1' isoforms result in distal renal tubular acidosis, a condition that leads to metabolic acidosis, in some cases with sensorineural deafness.
Band 3Na-K-Cl cotransporterV-ATPaseProton pump

Question 2: In addition to arterial blood gas, an ________ can also differentiate between possible causes.
Anion gapFractional sodium excretionSerum osmotic gapBase excess

Question 3: ________ analysis and other tests are required to separate the main causes.
Serum osmotic gapArterial blood gasBUN-to-creatinine ratioBase excess

Question 4: ________, emphysema, chronic bronchitis, asthma, severe pneumonia, and aspiration are among the most frequent causes.
PneumomediastinumPneumothoraxPleural diseaseRespiratory disease

Question 5: It is due to the accumulation of ketoacids (________) and reflects a severe shift from glycolysis to lipolysis for energy needs.
Ketogenic dietGluconeogenesisDiabetes mellitusKetosis

Question 6: It is most often caused by pulmonary problems, although head injuries, drugs (especially ________ and sedatives), and brain tumors can cause this acidemia.
Local anestheticDepressantGeneral anaestheticAnesthetic

Question 7: Metabolic acidosis is an increased production of metabolic acids, usually resulting from disturbances in the ability to excrete acid via the ________.
Urinary systemEndocrine systemKidneyLiver

Question 8: The Henderson-Hasselbalch equation is useful for calculating blood pH, because blood is a ________.
AcidAcid dissociation constantBuffer solutionBase (chemistry)

Question 9: Acid consumption from poisoning, elevated levels of ________ in the blood, and chronically decreased production of bicarbonate may also produce metabolic acidosis.
IronZincChromiumOxygen

Question 10: As metabolic bicarbonate production becomes exhausted, and extraeneous bicarbonate infusion can no longer reverse the extreme buildup of carbon dioxide associated with uncompensated respiratory acidosis, ________ will usually be applied.
Shock (circulatory)Positive airway pressureAcute respiratory distress syndromeMechanical ventilation







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