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Acid rain: Quiz


Question 1: The ________ ions of acid rain also mobilize toxins such as aluminium, and leach away essential nutrients and minerals such as magnesium.
HydroniumHydrogenAmmoniaAcid dissociation constant

Question 2: In the United States, many coal-burning power plants use ________ (FGD) to remove sulfur-containing gases from their stack gases.
ScrubberFlue-gas desulfurizationSulfuric acidIncineration

Question 3: However, it can also be caused naturally by the splitting of nitrogen compounds by the energy produced by ________ strikes, or the release of sulfur dioxide into the atmosphere by phenomena of volcano eruptions.

Question 4: Acid rain is mostly caused by emissions of compounds of sulfur, nitrogen, and ________ which react with the water molecules in the atmosphere to produce acids.

Question 5: ________ reacts with OH to form nitric acid:
Nitrous oxideNitrogen dioxideNitric oxideDinitrogen tetroxide

Question 6: These areas all burn sulfur-containing ________ to generate heat and electricity.
CoalHydroelectricityWind powerGrid energy storage

Question 7: In the presence of water, sulfur trioxide (SO3) is converted rapidly to ________:
Sulfuric acidAmmoniaAcetic acidHydrochloric acid

Question 8: [2][3] In 1852, Robert Angus Smith was the first to show the relationship between acid rain and atmospheric pollution in Manchester, ________.
United KingdomEnglandScotlandWales

Question 9: The use of tall smokestacks to reduce local ________ has contributed to the spread of acid rain by releasing gases into regional atmospheric circulation.
PollutionWater pollutionMarine pollutionAir pollution

Question 10: Carbonic acid then can ionize in water forming low concentrations of hydronium and ________ ions:
BicarbonateCarbonateCarbon dioxideCalcium carbonate


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