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Acetyl: Quiz


Question 1: In organic chemistry, acetyl is a functional group, the acyl with ________ COCH3.
MoleculeChemical formulaAtomNuclear chemistry

Question 2:
What is Acetyl also known as?
Acetyl cation
N-Acetyl--aspartic acid
Acetyl acetate
Acetyl methyl carbinol

Question 3: Most recently, the supplement industry touts ________ as being more effective than other preparations of carnitine.

Question 4: In ________ nomenclature, acetyl is called ethanoyl, although this term is rarely heard.
IUPAC nomenclaturePotassiumCarbonInternational Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry

Question 5: It is sometimes abbreviated as Ac (not to be confused with the element ________).

Question 6: The acetyl group in acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) enhances its effectiveness relative to the natural ________ salicylic acid.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugAnti-inflammatoryAnxiolyticAnalgesic

Question 7: Acetylation of ________ holds promise as one of the first anti-radiation medicines for human populations.
GlutamineMelatoninFolic acidResveratrol

Question 8: Acetylated organic molecules exhibit increased ability to cross the ________.
AIDSBlood-brain barrierImmune systemMeningitis

Question 9: The acetyl moiety is a component of many organic compounds, including the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, acetyl-CoA, and the analgesics ________, and acetylsalicylic acid (better known as aspirin).

Question 10: Acetylation can be achieved using a variety of methods, most commonly by the use of ________ or acetyl chloride, often in the presence of a tertiary or aromatic amine base.
EthanolMethyl iodideAcetic acidAcetic anhydride

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