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ACE inhibitor: Quiz


Question 1: ________ and clinical studies have shown that ACE inhibitors reduce the progress of diabetic nephropathy independently from their blood pressure-lowering effect.
Public healthEpidemiologyHuman nutritionNutrition

Question 2: ________ or cardiac outflow obstruction
Aortic insufficiencyAortic valve stenosisMitral regurgitationMitral stenosis

Question 3: They therefore lower arteriolar resistance and increase venous capacity; increase ________ and cardiac index, stroke work and volume, lower renovascular resistance, and lead to increased natriuresis (excretion of sodium in the urine).
Blood pressureCardiac outputCirculatory systemFetal circulation

Question 4: The Lactotripeptides Val-Pro-Pro and Ile-Pro-Pro produced by the probiotic Lactobacillus helveticus or derived from ________ have been shown to have ACE-inhibiting and antihypertensive functions.

Question 5: Renal blood flow may be affected by angiotensin II because it vasoconstricts the efferent arterioles of the glomeruli of the kidney, thereby increasing ________ (GFR).
NephronRenal physiologyRenal functionAnion gap

Question 6: Patients with heart failure may benefit from the combination in terms of reducing ________ and ventricular remodeling.

Question 7: ACE inhibitors may cause ________.
Renal tubular acidosisHypokalemiaDiabetic ketoacidosisHyperkalemia

Question 8: vasoconstriction (narrowing of blood vessels), which may lead to increased blood pressure and ________
HypertensionAortic dissectionEssential hypertensionAtherosclerosis

Question 9: Certain agents in the ACE inhibitor class have been proven, in large clinical studies, to reduce mortality post-________, prevent development of heart failure, etc.
Myocardial infarctionIschaemic heart diseaseCoronary artery diseaseAtrial fibrillation

Question 10: [6] This action of ACE inhibitors is utilised in the prevention of diabetic ________.
Acute kidney injuryChronic kidney diseaseNephrotic syndromeRenal failure

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